You noticed your hair is thinning and you are starting to get worried.
There is information that a hormone called DHT can cause hair loss.
But you are not sure what it is or how it works.
Don’t worry, you’re not alone.
I’ll go through the subject of DHT – its causes, detection, and prevention.
What is DHT?
Dihydrotestosterone, or DHT, is a sex hormone with the following traits:
- Provides masculine characteristics like body hair, muscle growth, and deep voice.
- DHT plays a major role in male pattern baldness.
- Also, the hormone DHT is necessary for maintaining a sex drive in men.
- Men with an enzyme (5-AR) deficiency can’t make DHT from testosterone. Thus reducing the function of reproductive organs.
- During fetal development, DHT activates androgen receptors required for sexual differentiation.
- Men can not develop or maintain their sexual characteristics without DHT.
- Production of DHT in women causes androgenetic alopecia or female pattern hair loss.
What are the effects of DHT?
Blood sugar control
In recent years, scientists studied DHT’s role in diabetes and other metabolic disorders.
They found DHT helping improve insulin sensitivity and regulate glucose metabolism.
Nevertheless, one day it can be used to treat diabetes and other metabolic disorders.
A recent study found that DHT skin patches can help improve memory in older men.
The study involved 34 men between 34 and 70 years treated with DHT patches for six months.
Moreover, the results showed men who used DHT patches had better memory performance.
DHT is a hormone, vital for sexual functions and libido in men.
Also, DHT is also present in small amounts in women.
Still, DHT is also necessary for sexual function in women.
Less fat deposit
The exact mechanism by which DHT protects against heart disease is not yet known.
But assumption is the hormone may help reduce inflammation.
Future research will need to confirm that hormone can help reduce inflammation.
Energy and Muscle
Dihydrotestosterone is a naturally-occurring hormone involved in the development of muscle mass.
In recent study, DHT levels correlate with strength and power in postmenopausal women.
However, further studies need to confirm the link between DHT and muscle mass.
Agitation & Depression
One study showed testosterone’s anti-anxiety is the result of Dihydrotestosterone in the brain.
Negative effect of high DHT
Pimples and acne
It is possible DHT trigger inflammation, which leads to pimples and other blemishes.
Additionally, DHT can increase production of sebum, which clog pores and produces acne.
Cancer of the prostate
Dihydrotestosterone can contribute to benign prostate enlargement and fuel prostate cancer.
In addition, men with lower levels of DHT are more likely to get prostate cancer.
According to a study the levels of DHT in men are higher with premature baldness.
Furthermore, the study’s findings suggest DHT may be a factor in premature baldness.
Another recent study found that DHT may also play a role in major depression.
The researchers believed DHT contributes to the development of depression, particularly in women.
While further research may help confirm these findings.
What role does DHT play in hair growth and hair loss?
To understand androgenic alopecia, you must first know how hair grows
Hair growth occurs in three phases: anagen, catagen, and telogen.
1.When anagen is in active growth phase, hair follicles produce new cells.
Also, the hair shaft lengthens, as this anagen phase can last several years.
2.Catagen is the transitional phase, during which hair follicles begin to shrink.
This phase lasts only a few weeks.
3.Telogen phase is the resting phase with shedding hair, and new ones typically begin to grow.
This phase lasts several months.
The role of DHT in hair loss
Male pattern hair loss is a condition that affects millions of men around the world.
While the exact cause is unknown, it is likely linked to DHT.
DHT is produced in the body during the second phase of hair growth, known as the catagen phase.
During this phase, DHT attaches to receptors on the hair follicles.
And also begins to miniaturize them.
This process slowly destroys the follicles, preventing them from producing new hair.
Eventually, the follicles will become damaged and they will stop growing hair altogether.
How to prevent DHT from causing hair loss?
It is well known that DHT is a hormone linked to loss of hair.
And DHT occurs when the enzyme 5-alpha reductase converts testosterone to DHT.
Also, testosterone is a hormone that’s present in both men and women.
However, men have more testosterone than women.
How DHT affects follicles in hair
In the human body, production of DHT involves different processes.
For example, in the scalp, DHT attaches to hair follicles and makes them smaller.
Other processes in the body
DHT is also involved in other processes in the body.
Such as the development of male characteristics during puberty.
When DHT levels are too high, it can cause hair loss.
Why do people respond differently to DHT?
People respond differently to DHT because of their genes.
For example, if you have a family history of hair loss, you’re more likely to experience loss of hair yourself.
If you are likely to lose more hair, the hormone DHT can make this happen more quickly.
Furthermore, the size and form of your head may influence how DHT shrinks your follicles.
What causes DHT production to increase or decrease?
There are two main ways in which the level of DHT or dihydrotestosterone in the body can increase.
The first is via an increase in testosterone production
And the second is through a reduction in testosterone, which converts to oestrogen.
Reasons for an increase in testosterone
There are various reasons for an increase in testosterone production.
The most common is puberty, during this time testosterone levels naturally increase.
But there are other causes, such as polycystic ovary syndrome and certain steroids.
Reduction in testosterone
A reduction in testosterone can occur due to ageing.
As testosterone levels can decrease with age.
Another cause is taking certain types of medication, such as glucocorticoids.
What is the prognosis for hair loss caused by DHT?
The prognosis for hair loss caused by dihydrotestosterone is generally not good.
Male pattern baldness, the most common type of hair loss caused by DHT, is a progressive condition.
It typically leads to complete baldness!
There is no cure for male pattern baldness.
Treatment to slow down
But currently there are treatments effectively slowing its progression.
Accordingly, men with higher levels of testosterone and DHT can experience hair loss.
This happens when DHT shrinks the hair follicle, which eventually leads to baldness.
The good news is that you can take action to prevent DHT from damaging your hair follicles.
There are several treatments available that can block the effects of DHT.
By blocking DHT, it can help prevent hair loss.
Ways to prevent DHT from causing hair loss
There are two main types of medication.
1.The first are 5-alpha reductase inhibitors.
These work by inhibiting the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT).
2.The second type of medication, anti-androgens.
These work by blocking the androgen receptor, which prevents DHT from binding to it.
Finasteride (Propecia®) is a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor.
And it is available as a pill that you take once a day.
Minoxidil (Rogaine®) is an anti-androgen.
This medication is available as a topical solution or foam that you apply to your scalp twice a day.
Besides, these medications will not cure, but help slow down or stop the progression of hair loss.
Vitamin B-12 and B-6
Vitamin B-12 and B-6 are essential vitamins for hair growth.
So a lack of these vitamins can lead to loss of hair.
You find foods that contain vitamin B-12 include eggs, meat, and dairy products.
Also found in whole grains, beans and vegetables.
Biotin is a water-soluble vitamin that is part of the Vitamin B complex.
It’s in many foods, including egg yolks, nuts, seeds, and available as a supplement.
Some people take biotin supplements in the hope that it will help prevent hair loss.
There is no scientific evidence to support this claim.
However, biotin is essential for the health of your hair, skin, and nails.
Non medication strategies
It is a herbal supplement taken from the African cherry tree.
Sometimes claimed pygeum bark can help treat hair loss.
There is no scientific evidence to support this claim.
Pumpkin seed oil
Pumpkin seed oil is a natural product used to treat some health conditions.
Some people claim it can help treat hair loss.
There is no scientific evidence to support this claim.
What lifestyle changes can help prevent hair loss caused by DHT?
There are lifestyle changes you can make to help slow down or stop hair loss.
Smoking damages the cells that promote hair growth.
It also dries out your hair and scalp, which can lead to hair loss.
If you smoke, quitting is the best way to prevent further damage to your hair.
Eat a healthy diet
Eating a healthy diet is important for health, but it can also help promote hair growth.
Foods rich in protein, iron, and zinc are essential for healthy hair.
Stress can also cause hair loss.
If you’re experiencing high levels of stress, find ways to manage it.
You can practice yoga, meditation, or other stress-relieving activities.
Avoid harsh hair treatments
Try to avoid harsh hair treatments, such as hot oil treatments and permanent waves.
These treatments can damage your hair and lead to hair loss.
There is insufficient scientific evidence that essential oils block DHT.
However, lavender, thyme, and rosemary oils have shown good results in some studies.
These findings need more research to confirm its claims.
Caffeine is a stimulant that can promote hair growth.
Some people claimed that applying caffeine to the scalp can increase hair growth.
There’s still more work and studies to verify these findings.
Possible side effects of DHT blockers
The possible side effects of DHT blockers may include:
- Reduced sexual function, such as impotence
- Decreased libido or erectile dysfunction
- Gynecomastia (enlargement of male breast tissue)
- Weight gain
It’s important to seek professional medical advice about potential risks and side effects of any medication.
You may also experience temporary side effects when you first start taking a DHT blocker.
Side effects such as:
- Scalp skin irritation
These side effects usually subside within a few days or weeks of starting the medication.
DHT is a sex hormone and plays a major role in male pattern baldness.
In this blog post, I discussed what DHT is, how it causes hair loss, and its prevention.
If you would like to read more about male pattern baldness or other topics, please visit my website.
Alternatively, please share this blog post with your friends and family.
I hope this information was helpful, and wish you the best of luck in preventing further hair loss.
How do I know if DHT is causing hair loss?
If you are male and have a family history of male pattern baldness, it’s likely that DHT is causing your hair loss.
Your doctor can also test your blood for DHT levels.
Are there natural ways to prevent hair loss caused by DHT?
There are a few lifestyle changes that may help prevent hair loss caused by DHT.
- quitting smoking,
- eating a healthy diet,
- managing stress,
- and avoiding harsh hair treatments.
Some people also claim that essential oils and caffeine can help prevent hair loss
What hormone causes hair loss in females?
The hormone most commonly linked to hair loss in females is estrogen.
Likewise, high levels of estrogen can cause the hair follicles to miniaturize.
This will result in thinning of hair.
Other hormones linked to hair loss include progesterone, testosterone, and thyroid hormones.
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